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विशेष लेख

Volume-5, 5-11 May, 2018


Q 1. Select the alternative which consists of positive factors contributing to effectiveness of teaching :
List of factors :
(a)          Teacher’s knowledge of the subject.
(b)          Teacher’s socio-economic background.
(c)           Communication skill of the teacher.
(d)          Teacher’s ability to please the students.
(e)          Teacher’s personal contact with students.
(f)           Teacher’s competence in managing and monitoring the classroom transactions.
Codes :
(1)          (b), (c) and (d)
(2)          (c), (d) and (f)
(3)          (b), (d) and (e)
(4)          (a), (c) and (f)
Q 2.        The use of teaching aids is justified on the grounds of
(1)          attracting students,attention in the class room.
(2)          minimising indiscipline problems in the classroom.
(3)          optimising learning outcomes of students.
(4)          effective engagement of students in learning tasks.
Q 3.        Assertion (A) : The purpose of higher education is to promote critical and creative thinking abilities among students.
                Reason (R) : These abilities ensure job placements.
                Choose the correct answer from the following code :
(1)          Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(2)          Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(3)          (A) is true but (R) is false.
(4)          (A) is false but (R) is true.
Q 4. Match the items of the first set with that of the second set in respect of evaluation system.
                Choose the correct code :
                Set - I
a.            Formative evaluation
b.            Summative evaluation
c.             Continuous and comprehensive evaluation
d.            Norm and criterion referenced tests
                Set - II
i.              Evaluating cognitive and co-cognitive aspects with regularity
ii.             Tests and their interpretations based on a group and certain yardsticks
iii.            Grading the final learning outcomes
iv.           Quizzes and discussions
Codes :
                a              b             c              d
(1)          iv             iii             i               ii
(2)          i               ii              iii             iv
(3)          iii             iv             ii              i
(4)          i               iii             iv             ii
Q 5. A researcher intends to explore the effect of possible factors for the organization of effective mid-day meal interventions. Which research method will be most appropriate for this study?
(1)          Historical method
(2)          Descriptive survey method
(3)          Experimental method
(4)          Ex-post-facto method
Q 6. Which of the following is an initial mandatory requirement for pursuing research ?
(1)          Developing a research design
(2)          Formulating a research question
(3)          Deciding about the data analysis procedure
(4)          Formulating a research hypothesis
Q 7. The format of thesis writing is the same as in
(1)          preparation of a research paper/ article
(2)          writing of seminar presentation
(3)          a research dissertation
(4)          presenting a workshop / conference paper
Q 8. In qualitative research paradigm, which of the following features may be considered critical ?
(1)          Data collection with standardised research tools.
(2)          Sampling design with probability sample techniques.
(3)          Data collection with bottom-up empirical evidences.
(4)          Data gathering to take place with top-down systematic evidences.
Q 9.        From the following list of statements identify the set which has negative implications for’research ethics’:
(i)            A researcher critically looks at the findings of another research.
(ii)           Related studies are cited without proper references.
(iii)          Research findings are made the basis for policy making.
(iv)         Conduct of practitioner is screened in terms of reported research evidences.
(v)          A research study is replicated with a view to verify the evidences from other researches.
(vi) Both policy making and policy implementing processes are regulated in terms of preliminary studies.
Codes :
(1)          (i), (ii) and (iii)
(2)          (ii), (iii) and (iv)
(3)          (ii), (iv) and (vi)
(4)          (i), (iii) and (v)
Q10.       In a research on the effect of child-rearing practices on stress-proneness of children in completing school projects, the hypothesis formulated is that ‘child rearing practices do influence stress-proneness’. At the data-analysis stage a null hypothesis is advanced to find out the tenability of research hypothesis. On the basis of the evidence available, the null hypothesis is rejected at 0.01 level of significance. What decision may be warranted in respect of the research hypothesis ?
(1)          The research hypothesis will also be rejected.
(2)          The research hypothesis will be accepted.
(3)          Both the research hypothesis and the null hypothesis will be rejected.
(4)          No decision can be taken in respect of the research hypothesis.
Read the following passage carefully and answer question numbers from 11 to 16 :
In terms of labour, for decades the relatively low cost and high quality of Japanese workers conferred considerable competitive advantage across numerous durable goods and consumer electronics
industries (eg. Machinery, automobiles, televisions, radios). Then labour-based advantages shifted to South Korea, then to Malaysia, Mexico and other nations. Today, China appears to be capitalizing best on the basis of labour. Japanese firms still remain competitive in markets for such durable goods, electronics and other products, but the labour force is no longer sufficient for competitive advantage over manufacturers in other industrializing nations. Such shifting of labour-based advantage is clearly not limited to manufacturing industries. Today, a huge number of IT and service jobs are moving from Europe and North America to India, Singapore, and like countries with relatively well-educated, low-cost workforces possessing technical skills. However, as educational levels and technical skills continue to rise in other countries, India, Singapore, and like nations enjoying labour-based competitive advantage today are likely to find such advantage cannot be sustained through emergence of new competitors. In terms of capital, for centuries the days of gold coins and later even paper money restricted financial flows. Subsequently regional concentrations were formed where large banks, industries and markets coalesced. But today capital flows internationally at rapid speed. Global commerce no longer requires regional interactions among business players. Regional capital concentrations in places such as New York, London and Tokyo still persist, of course, but the capital concentrated there is no longer sufficient for competitive advantage over other capitalists distributed worldwide. Only if an organization is able to combine, integrate and apply its resources (eg. Land, labour, capital, IT) in an effective manner that is not readily imitable by competitors can such an organization enjoy competitive advantage sustainable overtime. In a knowledge-based theory of the firm, this idea is extended to view organizational knowledge as a resource with atleast the same level of power and importance as the traditional economic inputs. An organization with superior knowledge can achieve competitive advantage in markets that appreciate the application of such knowledge. Semiconductors, genetic engineering, pharmaceuticals, software, military warfare, and like knowledge-intensive competitive arenas provide both time-proven and current examples. Consider semiconductors (e.g. computer chips), which are made principally of sand and common metals. These ubiquitous and powerful electronic devices are designed within common office buildings, using commercially available tools, and fabricated within factories in many industrialized nations. Hence, land is not the key competitive resource in the semiconductor industry. Based on the passage answer the following questions :
Q11.       Which country enjoyed competitive advantages in automobile industry fordecades?
(1)          South Korea
(2)          Japan
(3)          Mexico
(4)          Malaysia
Q12.       Why labour-based competitive advantages of India and Singapore cannot be sustained in IT and service sectors ?
(1)          Due to diminishing levels of skill.
(2)          Due to capital-intensive technology making inroads.
(3)          Because of new competitors.
(4)          Because of shifting of labour-based advantage in manufacturing industries.
Q13.       How can an organisation enjoy competitive advantage sustainable overtime ?
(1)          Through regional capital flows.
(2)          Through regional interactions among business players.
(3)          By making large banks, industries and markets coalesced.
(4) By effective use of various instrumentalities.
Q14.       What is required to ensure competitive advantages in specific markets ?
(1)          Access to capital
(2)          Common office buildings
(3)          Superior knowledge
(4)          Common metals
Q15. The passage also mentions about the trend of
(1)          Global financial flow
(2) Absence of competition in manufacturing industry
(3)          Regionalisation of capitalists
(4)          Organizational incompatibility
Q16. What does the author lay stress on in the passage ?
(1)          International commerce
(2)          Labour-Intensive industries
(3)          Capital resource management
(4)          Knowledge-driven competitive advantage
Q17.       Imagine you are working in an educational institution where people are of equal status. Which method of communication is best suited and normally employed in such context ?
(1)          Horizontal communication
(2)          Vertical communication
(3)          Corporate communication
(4)          Cross communication
Q18.       Identify the important element a teacher has to take cognizance of while addressing students in a classroom.
(1)          Avoidance of proximity
(2)          Voice modulation
(3)          Repetitive pause
(4)          Fixed posture
Q19. What are the barriers to effective communication ?
(1)          Moralising, being judgemental and comments of consolation.
(2)          Dialogue, summary and self-review.
(3)          Use of simple words, cool reaction and defensive attitude.
(4)          Personal statements, eye contact and simple narration.
Q20.       The choice of communication partners is influenced by factors of
(1)          Proximity, utility, loneliness
(2)          Utility, secrecy, dissonance
(3)          Secrecy, dissonance, deception
(4)          Dissimilarity, dissonance, deviance
Q21.       As a teacher, select the best option to ensure your effective presence in the classroom.
(1)          Use of peer command
(2)          Making aggressive statements
(3)          Adoption ofwell-established posture
(4)          Being authoritarian
Q22.       Every communicator has to experience
(1)          Manipulated emotions
(2)          Anticipatory excitement
(3)          The issue of homophiles
(4)          Status dislocation
Q23.       In certain code, SELECTION is coded as QCJCARGML. The code of AMERICANS will be
(1)          YKCPGAYLQ
(2)          BNFSJDBMR
(3)          QLYAGPCKY
(4)          YQKLCYPAG
Q24.       In the series 3, 11, 23, 39, 59, ......
                The next term will be
(1)          63
(2)          73
(3)          83
(4)          93
Q25.       Two railway tickets from city A to B and three tickets from city A to C cost ` 177. Three tickets from city A to B and two tickets from city A to C cost ` 173. The fare for city B from city A will be `
(1)          25
(2)          27
(3)          30
(4)          33
Q26. A person walks 10 m infront and 10 m to the right. Then every time turning to his left, he walks 5, 15 and 15 m respectively. How far is he now from his starting point ?
(1)          20 m
(2)          15 m
(3)          10 m
(4)          5 m
(Answer Key shall be published in the Next Issue)
Answer key of Qs, Published in Issue 28 April -  4 May, 2018
1              3
2              3
3              1
4              2
5              2
6              4
7              3
8              3
9             2
10           2
11           4
12           1
13           1
14           4
15           1
16           3